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    Cashmere industry development analysis report

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    [Abstract]:
    Chinaisnotonlythelargestcountryincashmereresources,butalsothelargestcountryinproduction(about60%oftheglobaltotal).Thelargestexporterofcashmereproductsisinanabsolutemonopolyintheinternationalmarket.The

    China is not only the largest country in cashmere resources, but also the largest country in production (about 60% of the global total). The largest exporter of cashmere products is in an absolute monopoly in the international market. The advantages of raw materials, labor costs and product quantity scale make China's cashmere products quite competitive in the national market. At present, the global cashmere production is about 20,000 tons. China produces about 1.8 tons, accounting for more than 80% of the world's total output. The annual export is more than 3,000 tons of cashmere, accounting for about 60% of the global cashmere trade.

    First, cashmere product introduction

    Cashmere is referred to as cashmere. It is a layer of fine and rich fluff that grows between the roots of the mountain wool and the cortex to withstand the cold. It has the characteristics of slenderness, elasticity, softness and warmth. From a global perspective, cashmere goats are mainly distributed in the cold and semi-desert regions of 35-55 degrees north latitude and 5-120 degrees east longitude. Cashmere is very precious, not only because of the scarcity of production (only 0.2% of the world's total animal fiber production), but more importantly its excellent quality and characteristics. In the transaction, it is called "soft gold". About 70% of the world's cashmere is produced in China and its quality is superior to other countries.

    Cashmere products have soft texture, soft luster, light and warm, comfortable and flexible, and health care functions. Cashmere products mainly support yarns, fabrics, cashmere sweaters, etc., because cashmere products are high-end luxury goods, generally in Europe and America. Countries, regions and other countries and regions have larger consumer markets. Therefore, the main export market of cashmere products in China has been relatively stable.

    Second, the status quo of cashmere industry

    China is not only the largest country in cashmere resources, but also the largest country in production (about 60% of the global total). The largest exporter of cashmere products is in an absolute monopoly in the international market. The advantages of raw materials, labor costs and product quantity scale make China's cashmere products quite competitive in the national market. At present, the global cashmere production is about 20,000 tons. China produces about 1.8 tons, accounting for more than 80% of the world's total output. The annual export is more than 3,000 tons of cashmere, accounting for about 60% of the global cashmere trade.

    At present, the types of cashmere products in China have developed from non-wool to cashmere yarn and cashmere sweaters, from knitted products to woven products and round machine one-time garments; the product structure extends from woollen and pure spinning to worsted and multi-blend; The technical content is gradually improved, and the cashmere products are transformed into high-strength worsted and light-weight four-season garments. The application range of cashmere products has been further broadened, the technical content has been continuously improved, the grades of products have been steadily improved, and the export of products has increased year by year. China has gradually formed a characteristic industrial advantage while having the advantages of cashmere resources.

    Due to the resource advantages of cashmere production, most of China's domestically produced cashmere is processed in China. 3,000 tons of cashmere imported from Mongolia and other countries are also processed in China. Currently in China, it concentrates 93% of the world's cashmere raw materials, mainly exported to Japan, the United States, Italy, France and other more than 40 countries and regions, accounting for 80% of the world's exports. According to statistics, Chinese cashmere and its products. Compared with previous years, the proportion of raw velvet imports decreased, and the export of cashmere products increased.

    The cashmere industry is one of the industries with comparative advantages in the world. It has the advantage of development in other countries and regions, such as raw material advantages, geographical advantages, human capital advantages, and government policy advantages. Various economic components and scales coexist, and the distribution of production sites and brand areas have also undergone tremendous changes. After several decades of development, China has more than 2,600 cashmere processing enterprises, which have formed several cashmere processing bases in Inner Mongolia Erdos, Hebei Qinghe and Ningxia Lingwu, Tongxin, etc., processing the cashmere production accounted for 80% of the country. the above.

    Third, the development trend

    (1) Deep processing and finished product

    As China canceled the export tax rebate for cashmere, the international cashmere processing industry moved to China, resulting in the export situation of China's cashmere products, especially finished garments, which are widely optimistic. The supply and demand of cashmere will be positioned on the finished products. Will reduce the export of cashmere-free semi-finished products and increase the export of cashmere products. In recent years, the gross profit margin of cashmere exports has only been 7-9 percentage points. Lowering the cost of the export tax rebate rate will directly smooth the gross profit margin of cashmere exports. Therefore, the rise in the price of cashmere products is an inevitable trend.

    (2) Upscale and branding

    With the advent of economic globalization and the integration of the international cashmere products market, people's income levels continue to increase, the proportion of consumption that focuses on quality of life rises, the pursuit of health, quality values ​​and the integration of international urban fashion dress culture, so that consumers The demand for cashmere products has a higher pursuit in both quantity and quality. Cashmere products are expensive textiles and are popular among consumers at home and abroad. Therefore, consumers are more interested in the personalization, comfort, branding and fashion of cashmere products. In order to meet the consumer demand of consumers, cashmere processing enterprises and their products must promote the overall upgrading of the industry as soon as possible, realize the development of cashmere products in the direction of fashion, elegance, brand and quality, and improve the competitiveness, popularity and market of cashmere products in the international market. The market share has enabled the Chinese cashmere industry to continue to expand internationally.

    (3) Integration of animal husbandry and trade

    In the past few years, all major cashmere processing enterprises in China have actively built cashmere production bases in grassland pastoral areas, carried out animal husbandry and trade unions, and built a community of interests between enterprises and farmers and herdsmen. This new type of cashmere industrialization model is based on the cashmere industry chain, which links the development strategy of cashmere processing enterprises with the vital interests of farmers and herdsmen. Cashmere processing enterprises invest a lot of money for cashmere production bases and animal husbandry production, and farmers and herdsmen provide high-quality cashmere for processing enterprises, thus forming a virtuous cycle of industrial pattern and achieving a win-win situation for industry and agriculture (grazing). Therefore, to realize the cashmere industrialization mode of "enterprise + base + herders", give full play to the role of cashmere production base, and realize the coordinated development of cashmere breeding industry and processing industry, which is an inevitable choice for the future development of cashmere industry.

    (4) Comprehensive ability competition has gradually become the mainstream of competition

    With the gradual improvement of the technical level of the industry, a group of enterprises with high level and mature technology and large scale of production have grown stronger in the competition, and more and more types of high-end products can be produced, and product differentiation has gradually emerged. Advantageous enterprises in the industry obtain profits higher than the industry average with technological advantages, scale advantages, quality advantages, variety advantages and brand advantages. At the same time, more and more enterprises realize that product quality and customer reputation are the foundation of sustainable development of the company. Therefore, they attach great importance to brand and service construction, strengthen product quality management, and take the competitive road of comprehensive ability to win.

    (5) Emphasis on technology research and development

    In order to gain a competitive advantage, an enterprise must possess the production capacity and quality control capability of high-quality products, which is guaranteed by leading technology and leading production technology. Therefore, industry leaders are often focused on improving production processes, automation and improving production quality. (China Garment Association Network)